How to Plant and Maintain a Vertical Wall Garden

There is a new trend in the gardening world that incorporates modern design and age old gardening techniques that gives the typical planter a run for its money. Vertical Wall Gardening is turning gardening not upside down, but at least 90 degrees by using a part of your space that you never thought of using.

DIY indoor vertical wall garden
DIY indoor vertical wall garden

You can buy or make vertical wall gardens with little time and money. If you or making your own or buying a vertical wall planter there are some things to keep in mind so that you create a successful growing environment. When placing the vertical wall garden, whether it’s inside or out, you need to take into consideration the amount of light the plants are receiving.

outdoor wall garden
An example of an outdoor vertical wall vegetable garden


Depending on what plants you pick to grow in the wall garden, it is wise to know the direction the plants will grow. You should also know how big they will get so that they don’t overcrowd and die. With vertical wall gardens becoming more popular, gardeners are finding which plants can thrive in a vertical environment. A couple of these plants are, pothos, lipstick plant, sword fern, rabbit’s foot fern, cretan brake fern, wedding vine, peace lily, crotons, philodendron and many more. All these plants require less direct sunlight and are overall pretty hardy plants.

wall garden2
An indoor wall garden of succulents

One challenge of vertical wall gardens is the watering techniques required to maintain the garden. There are two easy ways to water wall plants. The first is the gravity-fed watering system where you water the top plants and the water trickles down to the plants below. This requires little installation, but doesn’t distribute water evenly.

Example of a smaller indoor vertical wall garden
Example of a smaller indoor vertical wall garden

The second option is the sub-irrigation system, which is placing hoses to different levels of the wall garden to provide water evenly throughout the garden. This option requires some installation, but once installed it doesn’t require any effort to water the garden.

Typical watering system for a vertical wall garden.
Typical watering system for a vertical wall garden.

With each watering system there is a chance of water spills, so if you chose to place your vertical wall garden inside, you should take into consideration the maintenance that is involved. Vertical wall gardens often discolor and stain interior walls, so protecting your walls with layers of plastic and other water repelling materials eliminates this hassle.  However, if you make sure to avoid over watering your garden there will be no issues with excess water. Now that you have the basics of vertical wall gardening, it is time to explore the possibilities of wall gardens in your space.

By: Page Hallock


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